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Suy Niệm > Sunday Reflections - Index


First Sunday of Advent

Theme: a time of waiting and hoping, of renewing our trust in God’s merciful love and care.

1. Invitation to Pray: Enthronement of the Bible

Pause for a few moments of silence and enter more deeply into the presence of God.

Sing the Bible Anthem with recording Orchestral Version B 1’20’’: Take 0 Lord and Receive

2. Invitation to Reflect

As you have already used the Study aid of Fr A Kadavil the whole week and listened to the 3 readings, be attentive to a word, a phrase, a question, an image, or a feeling that emerges before coming here, now it is time to share aloud to the group your reflections and your insights
Sunday Reflections #201 First Sunday of Advent (Dec 2) Jeremiah 33:14-16; I Thessalonians 3:12-4:2; Luke 21:25-28. 34-36
Anecdote: #1: Watch the road.” There is a beautiful anecdote given by Msgr. Arthur Tonne clarifying the message of today’s gospel.  Several years ago a bus driver in Oklahoma reached an unusual record.  In 23 years he had driven a bus over 900,000 miles without a single accident.  When asked how he had done it, he gave this simple answer: “Watch the road.”  In today’s gospel Jesus gives the same advice in several ways: “Be vigilant at all times,” “Stand erect,” “Raise your heads,” “Beware that your hearts do not become drowsy.”  This is not only a good spiritual advice for the Advent season but also a safe rule for daily life.  A good football player or basketball player should always concentrate his attention on the ball and the players.  A good student must be alert, awake and attentive, watching the teacher and listening to his or her words.  A good Catholic in the Church must be physically and mentally alert, watching the altar and actively participating in the prayers and songs.  Like the Roman god Janus, who had two faces, one looking at the past year and the other looking into future, Christians during the Advent season are to look at the past event of the first coming of Jesus into the world and expectantly look forward to his second coming in glory.
 #2: Be patient; be faithful: Be faithful. Remember Albert Einstein’s words after the Second World War: “As a lover of freedom, when the revolution came in Germany, I looked to the universities to defend it, knowing that they had always boasted of their devotion to the cause of truth; but no, the universities were immediately silenced. Then I looked to the great editors of the newspapers, whose flaming editorials in days gone by had proclaimed their love of freedom; but they, like the universities were silenced in a few short weeks. Only the Church stood squarely across the path of Hitler’s campaign for suppressing truth. I never had any special interest in the Church before, but now I feel a great affection and admiration for it, because the Church alone has had the courage to stand for intellectual truth, and moral freedom. I am forced to confess that what I once despised, now I praise unreservedly.” We are Christ’s body in the world today. Be patient. Be faithful. It is the message of today’s gospel and Advent.
#3: Would we keep arranging deckchairs on a sinking ship?  On the night of April 15th 1912, the Titanic hit an iceberg in the North Atlantic and sank.  Over 1,500 people lost their lives in one of the worst sea disasters in history.  A few years ago a magazine recalled the great disaster and asked its readers this shocking –almost blasphemous question: “If we’d been on the Titanic when it sank, would we have arranged the deckchairs?”  At first we say to ourselves, “What a ridiculous question!  No one in his right mind would ignore wailing sirens on a sinking ship and rearrange its deck chairs!  No one with an ounce of sanity would ignore the shouts of drowning people and keep arranging deck chairs!” But as we continue to read the magazine, we see the reason for the strange question.  And suddenly we ask ourselves, “Are we perhaps, rearranging the deckchairs on a sinking ship?  For example, are we so caught up with material things in life that we are giving a back seat to spiritual things?  Are we so busy making a living that we are forgetting the purpose of life?  Are we so taken up with life that we are forgetting why God gave us life?” (Mark Link in ‘Sunday Liturgies’).
Introduction: Advent is a time of waiting and hoping, of renewing our trust in God’s merciful love and care, and of reflecting on the several comings (advents), of Christ in our lives.  Besides his first coming at his birth, we are asked to reflect on Christ’s coming as the risen Lord at Easter, in the sacraments (especially the Eucharist), in our everyday lives, at the moment of death, and at the end of human history (the second coming).  The Church invites us to join a pilgrimage of faith by showing us a prophetic vision of Christ’s first coming (advent), through the prophecy of Jeremiah, his glorious Second Coming through the gospel selection from Luke, and his daily coming into our lives here and now through the second reading.  She also reminds us that these are days of "joyful and prayerful anticipation of Jesus’ coming” because the Advent season is intended to fill us with great expectations of the coming of the Messiah just as parents expectantly wait for the birth of their child and make preparations for receiving the child into their family.  We know that all valuable things in life – a healthy child, a loving marriage relationship, a work of art, a scientific discovery – need a period of quiet incubation. 
In the first reading, the prophet Jeremiah was waiting and hoping for an ideal descendant of King David who might bring security and justice to God’s people.  He was waiting for the Messiah of Israel, and we Christians believe that Jeremiah’s waiting and hoping were fulfilled in Jesus.  He assures us that the Lord our justice will fulfill His promises and, hence, that we need not be afraid, in spite of the frightening events and moral degradation all around.  "For you I wait all the day long:"
Thus, the psalmist expresses the central idea of patient and prayerful waiting for the Lord in today’s responsorial psalm, asking Him to make known His ways to us, to guide us, and teach us. 
In the second reading, Paul gives instructions about how Christians should conduct themselves as they wait for “the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his holy ones.”  He urges us to put God’s promise of peace into action by cultivating a spirit of love for others.  We are told to strengthen our hearts in holiness (3:13) and abound in love for one another (3:12).  
In today’s gospel, Jesus prophesies the signs and portents that will accompany his second coming and encourages us to be expectant, optimistic, vigilant  and well-prepared: “When these signs begin to happen, stand erect and raise your heads because your redemption is at hand” (Luke 21:28).  Jesus wants us to face the future with confidence in God’s providence.
 First reading: Jer. 33:14-16: Jeremiah, the prophet of hope, introduces us to our season of Advent.  He was from a priestly family and was born in a little village called Anathoth, close to Jerusalem.  Josiah, who was king (640-609 BC), in Judah in those days, was a God-fearing man.  But he was killed in a battle at Megiddo by the invading Egyptians who were attacking the Assyrians (2 Kings 23: 29-30; 2Chron 35: 20-24). A later king of Judah, Zedekiah (598-587 BC), swore allegiance in the Name of the Lord God, to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in return for his life and continued rule in Jerusalem, then rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar (2Chron 36: 13). He faced an attack by the Babylonian (Chaldean) army which surrounded Jerusalem.  The king ignored God’s advice, given through Jeremiah, to surrender and save the town and its people and concealed the message from his generals (Jeremiah 38: 17-27).  As a result, the Babylonians took Zedekiah prisoner, blinding him after he had watched the execution of his sons, captured and looted the city, burned the Temple down, and sent the healthy Jews into exile leaving only some poor people (2 Kings 25: 1-21; 2 Chronicles 36: 17-21; Jeremiah 38: 28 – 39:10). Despite all this, Jeremiah conveyed words of hope from God to the people in exile: "I WILL BE WITH YOU."  Jeremiah told the people that they would return to see their old city and their Temple again, and that their priests would return to their Temple duties (Jeremiah 33: 17ff).  His inspiring words, spoken at such a tragic moment, kindled hope and optimism in the people.  What does it mean to raise up for David a just shoot?  David was this people's first great king, and he became the standard by which subsequent kings were measured.  "Shoot" is an image from farming or gardening, meaning a young growth from a mature plant.  These people believed their fortunes were linked to the justice of their king.  So, for them, a “just shoot for David” would have meant a new king, descended from David, whose justice would have positive effects among the people, and who would then get a new name: "The Lord our justice."  
Second Reading, 1 Thessalonians 3:12-4:2: Readings in early Advent always carry forward from the last Sundays of the previous liturgical year the theme of Jesus' coming again.  At the time Saint Paul wrote to the Thessalonians (rather early in his apostolic career), he and they believed Jesus was to return soon.  His coming would mean the end of history and the judgment of all peoples.  That’s why Paul emphasizes proper behavior in this part of his letter.  "May the Lord make you increase and abound in love for one another and for all, just as we have for you, so as to strengthen your hearts, to be blameless in holiness before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all His holy ones.”  Paul tells them that what they do while they’re waiting is just as important as the event for which they’re waiting.  Hence, he prays for their transformation.  He prays that they, and we, will abound in love, that our hearts will be strengthened.
Introduction to the Gospel
The message of this gospel passage is simple: salvation is coming to the world and it is coming through the Son of Man. Pay attention, we are warned, for he comes when you least expect him. Ears opened, cast your eyes to what is going on around you so that you recognize him when he is near.

As we begin our preparation for the celebration of Christmas, these words remind us that Advent is a time for peace and quiet. This is an ironic contrast to the way the season is celebrated in our culture. The fast-forward pace and multiple expectations of Christmas preparation which we put on ourselves are fed by our culture and all those who are eager to “sell Christmas” to us! Why is Advent a time meant for peace and quiet? So that we can detect those hints or signals of God’s presence in our lives; so that we can hear when God knocks on the door of our consciousness; so that we may respond “Yes” to God’s call, just as Mary did when the “knock” came from the Angel Gabriel. The call may come in the guise of our suffering neighbor. God often calls us to pay attention to those whose needs we can attend. Our need to be still and listen opens in us opportunities to see, hear, respond. Otherwise, the stranger will pass by us unnoticed; Jesus will not be born in our hearts.

Jesus has already come into our world in history and it is this Christmas story we prepare to hear in the coming weeks. The Scriptures tell us that Jesus will also come again at the endtime. But now, this very day, Jesus wants to come into the homes in which we dwell and into our very hearts and consciousness. It is our choice whether or not to let him be born here. Do we see and hear him? Be still and listen.
Exegesis: Two versions of the endtime events: Today we move from the year of Mark (B) to the year of Luke (C).  In fact, today's gospel is Luke's version of the gospel which we read two weeks ago from Mark.  Luke seems to be the first evangelist who believed that everyone in his community would die a natural death before Jesus triumphantly returned in the Parousia.  Still, many years after Mark’s gospel, Luke wrote about the Parousia.  Comparing Mark 13: 24-32 which we read two Sundays ago with Luke 21: 25ff, which we read today, we note that Luke has reduced the scope of the spectacular celestial events of the Last Days and has omitted Mark’s description of the Son of Man.  The reason for these changes may lie in the events filling the years between Mark’s gospel (AD 69), and Luke’s work (AD 80).  Mark wrote his gospel sometime before the fall of Jerusalem in AD 70 when the Jewish Christians believed that the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple would coincide with the end of the world and the second coming of Jesus.  But when Jerusalem and the Temple were destroyed, the world did not end.  Perhaps taking this into account, Luke, completing his gospel in A.D. 80, disassociated the destruction of the Temple from Jesus’ prediction of the end of the world.
The context: The fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple created a major crisis of faith for the early Christians.  Since the expected end of the world did not come, many Christians gave up their belief in the Second Coming of Christ, abandoned their faith and began living lives of moral laxity.  It may have been in order to address these needs that Luke continued with the second half of today's Gospel, Jesus'  exhortation to all of His disciples, then and now, to be on their guard against “dissipation and drunkenness and the worries of this life" (21:34).
Jesus’ warning: Neither Paul nor the evangelists were preparing their readers for Christmas.  Instead, they were helping these Christians to boost their spirits while they waited for Jesus to accomplish things in their lives that would give them a share in His risen life.  That’s why, after reminding his community about the signs which would precede Jesus' Second Coming, Luke gives them Jesus’ warning: "Be on guard lest your spirits become bloated with indulgence and drunkenness and worldly cares.  Pray constantly for the strength to escape whatever is in prospect and to stand secure before the Son of Man."  Since our own transformation is an ongoing process, we move yearly through the liturgical celebration of the mystery of our salvation.  While Advent is set aside to commemorate Jesus’ coming in the flesh as well as His final coming in glory, it is also a time for us to open ourselves to the Lord’s coming into our lives and our world today.  In order to do this, we must read the signs of the times and adjust our lives accordingly. Jesus also gives us the assurance that no matter what terrors the future holds, He will be present, caring for His followers.
Life messages: 1) We need to prepare ourselves for Christ’s second coming by allowing him to be reborn daily in our lives.  Advent is the time for us to make this preparation by repenting for our sins, by renewing our lives through prayer, penance, and by sharing our blessings with others.  Advent also provides an opportunity for us to check for what needs to be put right in our lives, to see how we have failed, and to assess the ways in which we can do better.  Let us remember the words of Alexander Pope: ‘What does it profit me if Jesus is reborn in thousands of cribs all over the world and not reborn in my heart?”  Jesus must be reborn in our hearts and lives, during this season of Advent and every day of our lives, in our love, kindness, mercy and forgiveness.  Then only will we be able to give people his hope by caring for those in need, give them his peace by turning the other cheek when we are provoked, give them his love by encouraging those who are feeling sad or tired, and give them His joy by encouraging and helping those who feel at the end of their strength, showing them that we care and that God cares as well.  When we do these kinds of things we will receive hope, peace, love, and joy in return.  Then we will know that when the King, our Lord Jesus, returns on the clouds of glory, we will be ready for Him.
        2) A message of warning and hope: The Church begins the Advent season of  liturgical year C by presenting the second coming of Christ in glory, in order to give us a vision of our future glory in heaven and to show us the preparation needed for it.  She reminds us that we are accountable for our lives before Christ the Judge.  Today’s readings invite us to assess our lives during Advent and to make the necessary alterations in the light of the approaching Christmas celebration.  It is a call to “look up” to see that Christ is still here.  We must raise our heads in hope and anticipation, knowing that the Lord is coming again.  Luke reminds us to trust in Jesus, amid the tragedies that sometimes occur in our daily lives.  Our marriage may break up; we may lose our job, discover that we have cancer or some terminal illness, or become estranged from our children.  In all such situations, when we feel overwhelmed by disaster and feel that our lives have no meaning, Jesus says: "Stand up, raise your heads, because your salvation is near"(Lk 21:28).
#1: Who came up with this?  A woman was in the mall doing her Christmas shopping.  She was tired of walking through every aisle of every store to find just the right present.  She was stressed out by the mounting debt on her credit card.  She was tired of fighting the crowds and standing in lines for the registers.  Her hands were full and when the elevator door opened, it was full.  “Great!” she muttered and the occupants of the elevator, feeling her pain, graciously tightened ranks to allow a small space for her and her load.
As the doors closed she blurted out, “I think whoever came up with this Christmas junk ought to be found, strung up and shot!”  A few others shook their heads or grunted in agreement.  Then, from somewhere in the back of the elevator came a single voice that said, “Don’t worry.  They already crucified him.” 
#2: Sign on a church bulletin board: "Merry Christmas to our Christian friends. Happy Hanukkah to our Jewish friends.  And to our atheist friends, good luck.  
#3: “We don’t have time for that!”  Typical of last-minute Christmas shoppers, a mother was running furiously from store to store.  Suddenly she became aware that the pudgy little hand of her three-year-old son was no longer clutched in hers.  In panic she retraced her steps and found him standing with his little nose pressed flat against a frosty window.  He was gazing at a manger scene.  Hearing his mother’s near hysterical call, he turned and shouted with innocent glee: "Look Mommy!  It’s Jesus - Baby Jesus in the hay!”  With obvious indifference to his joy and wonder, she impatiently jerked him away saying, "We don’t have time for that!"
A BIT OF SERIOUS ADVENT THOUGHT: An Advent Examination (Edward Hays, A Pilgrim’s Almanac, p. 196):    "Advent is the perfect time to clear and prepare the Way.  By reflection and prayer, by reading and meditation, we can make our hearts a place where a blessing of peace would desire to abide and where the birth of the Prince of Peace might take place.  Daily we can make an Advent examination.  Are there any feelings of discrimination toward race, sex, or religion?  Is there a lingering resentment, an unforgiven injury living in our hearts?  Do we look down upon others of lesser social standing or educational achievement?  Are we generous with the gifts that have been given to us, seeing ourselves as their stewards and not their owners?  Are we reverent of others, their ideas and needs, and of creation?  These and other questions become Advent lights by which we may search the deep, dark corners of our hearts.  May this Advent season be a time for bringing hope, transformation, and fulfillment into the Advent of our lives."
15- Additional anecdotes
1) Waiting is no fun: A man was in a restaurant. A waiter was passing by. “Excuse me,” said the man, “but how long have you been working here?” “About a year,” replied the waiter. The man said wearily, “In that case it couldn’t have been you that took my order.” Advent season reminds us that we celebrate the first coming of Jesus and we keep waiting for his second coming in glory.
2) Jesus’ admonition is to be faithful. Some of you remember the ancient epic poem by Homer called the Odyssey. It is the story of Odysseus who traveled the world pursuing many adventures. Meanwhile back home his beautiful wife Penelope was being pursued by various suitors trying to take advantage of Odysseus’ twenty-year absence. In order to keep these suitors at bay, Penelope announced that when she finished weaving a particular garment, she would choose among these persistent suitors. There was something these suitors did not know, however. Each night Penelope undid the stitches that she put in during the daytime, and so she remained faithful to Odysseus until he returned. That is our call to be faithful. While we wait for Christ’s return, we are his body in the world, called to do his work. The church has been serving the world in Christ’s name for two thousand years. Now is not the time to let up.
3) Waiting for the call of the prime minister: “Lord Reith, the founder of the BBC, says that he spent virtually the entire period of World War II by the telephone, waiting for Winston Churchill to call him. He never [called]. And think of all the [ordinary] people waiting today at the airport, at the bus depot, at the doctor’s, at the amusement park, at the bowling alley, at the post office, the ticket office, the unemployment office, the Social Security office. Society has become a vast waiting room.” As Christians, we give a spiritual dimension to our waiting by waiting for Christ’s, the messiah’s, second coming because much of the New Testament is devoted to the second coming of Christ. (Sherwood Wirt, in Freshness in the Spirit (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1978).)
4) "No, I am not going to kick him off.” I like John Cooper, the Ohio State University football coach, for many reasons, but especially for this one. As he was being interviewed once about a player who was in trouble with the law, a reporter asked if Cooper was going to kick the player off the team. He said, "No, I am not going to kick him off, because if I kick him off I can't help him. We are in the business of helping young people grow up, and you can't do that by turning them away when they make a mistake." That is good news for those growing up, and that attitude is especially good news at Advent.
5) The city had reached 284th Street far exceeding their expectations! Be prepared for Christ’s coming. Be prepared if he should come today; be prepared if he should tarry another thousand years or more. Be prepared at any cost, for we simply do not know what tomorrow may bring. Nothing is more unpredictable than the future. If there is one lesson from history, it is that. I read recently that when the city fathers of the grand metropolis New York City planned for the future growth of their city, they laid out the streets and numbered them from the center outward. When they began, there were only six or seven streets. In their planning maps, they projected how large they thought the city might grow. Reaching beyond their wildest imagination, they drew streets on the map all the way out to 19th Street. They called it “Boundary Street” because they were sure that’s as large as New York City would become. At last count, the city had reached 284th Street far exceeding their expectations! (Rev. Adrian Dieleman, Be careful when you try to predict the future. Today’s experts turn out sometimes to be tomorrow’s fools.
6) False messiahs: “The Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity” is a religious movement founded in South Korea in 1954 by the late Sun Myung Moon. It is more commonly known as the Unification Church. Since its inception, the church has expanded to most nations of the world, with an uncertain number of members. But we don’t see many signs nowadays of the Moonies. Their founder Rev. Moon and his Unification Church have faded into the background. At one time he boasted considerable political support. He invested heavily in the elections of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan. Rev. Moon built an empire by putting young people out on the streets selling flowers. Moon preaches that a new messiah is soon to come. This new messiah is on earth already. He is a man born in Korea in the 20th century. Wonder who he could be? Surely not Moon himself!  In today’s gospel, Jesus gives us the warning that false messiahs will be forever with us.
7) The Poseidon Adventure:  One of my favorite movies was The Poseidon Adventure from 1972. You might remember that a cruise ship was turned upside down by a big wave. Everything was turned upside down. Reality was turned "upside down." The way out was up to the bottom and back to the front. The survivors had to go to the bottom of the boat, which was now the top, to get out. A whole group of people were not willing to follow the lead of the pastor to crawl up a Christmas tree to get out of the ballroom, to safety. He said: "Everybody is dead who was above us when the ship turned over. Now they're underneath us. It's up to us to get out of here." The people who waited for help drowned, but those who were willing to risk, to have faith eventually were saved. Not all, but most. The pastor was indeed the Christ figure for those people. They eventually trusted in him and were saved. So for us it is no different, "But not a hair of your head will perish." Jesus says, "By your endurance you will gain your souls.”
8) It said, 'Go drink a beer.' Humorist Lewis Grizzard writes about a man in his hometown named Luther Gilroy. Luther claimed he was out plowing his field and saw a sign in the sky that said THE END IS NEAR. So Luther let his mule and his cow out of their pens, gave all his chickens away, and climbed on top of his house to await the end. When it didn't come, he pouted and refused to come down off the roof. Finally, his wife called the deputy sheriff, who came over and said, "Luther, you idiot, I saw that same sign. It didn't say, 'The end is near.' It said, 'Go drink a beer.' Now come down off that roof before you fall off and break your neck." [Lewis Grizzard, Chili Dawgs Always Bark at Night (New York: Villard Books, 1989), p. 52.] From Jesus' day to the present, people have speculated about when the world would end. Over the centuries, people have made calculations and predictions, sold or given away all their belongings, and gathered at appointed places to wait for the end of the world and for Jesus to return. Obviously, the world has not yet come to an end, and Jesus has not returned. Still, we wait. We look around at the world in which we live, a world filled with violence and crime and racial tension. We read about child abuse, spouse abuse, drug and alcohol abuse, and we say, "Things just can't keep on going the way they're going." Times of uncertainty and crisis trigger thoughts about the end of time. And people always want to know when. 
9) "Joy to the World!" Consider the story of one young man. He was often sick as a baby. He was always small, puny some would say. As a youth he was always frail and delicate. He was not able to play sports with the other boys his age. Eventually he entered the ministry. But his health was so fragile, he was unable to serve his growing congregation. Amazingly, he did not dwell on his troubles. In fact, his spirit soared. His only real complaint was the poor quality of the hymns of his day. He felt they did not convey hope and joy. Someone challenged him to write better ones. He did. He wrote over 600 hymns, most of them hymns of praise. When his health collapsed completely in 1748, he left one of the most remarkable collections of hymns the world has ever known. His name was Isaac Watts. In a few weeks we will be singing one of his most famous hymns, "Joy to the World!" Isaac Watts discovered joy in his life because he knew that God would never desert him. He was able to live his life with all sorts of health problems, feeling close to God and Jesus. He had joy deep in his heart
10) “But with a good ship, you can always ride it out.”  Dr. Norman Vincent Peale once told of encountering a hurricane while on a cruise in the Atlantic. After the captain managed to sail around the danger, he and Dr. Peale were visiting with one another. The captain said he had always lived by a simple philosophy namely that if the sea is smooth, it will get rough; and if it is rough, it will get smooth. He added something worth remembering: “But with a good ship,” the Captain said, “you can always ride it out.” Our ship is our faith in Christ. With a good ship, you can always ride it out. Life is unpredictable. God is with us. "But not a hair of your head will perish," Jesus says, "By your endurance you will gain your souls” (Luke 21: 18).
11) Are we coming or going? A man was running down the pier, heading for the ferry boat, afraid he was not going to make it. Here was a man of some status, a man who was concerned about his dignity. He wore a pin-striped suit, carried a black umbrella in one hand and a black bowler hat in the other, with which he was waving at the ferry boat, and yelling at the boat to stop so that he could get on it. He ran all the way to the end of the pier, furiously jumped and landed safely on the deck of the boat. Very proud of himself, he straightened his tie, and recovered his dignity. It was then that he discovered that the boat was not going out; it was coming in. Today is the first Sunday of Advent, and there is that kind of confusion about Advent and Christmas. Are we coming or going? Christmas is the celebration that Christ has come; Advent is the celebration that Christ is coming. Advent is preparation for Christmas.
12) Smile please: A story is told of the photographer taking a picture. He says to the woman, "Smile pretty for the camera." A moment later, "OK, madam, you can resume your usual face." Whether you and I will have a successful Advent these next four weeks will depend on the attitude or face we bring to it today. We must stay awake, as Jesus advises us in this Gospel and practice self-control.  The Greek philosopher, Plato, who lived out his life several centuries before Christ, wrote, "The greatest victory in the world is the victory of self-conquest." (Fr. James Gilhooley).
13) Time expired: A dramatic picture appeared in a newspaper. It was a young man dead from a drug overdose in his cherry red Corvette. The car was parked beside a parking meter that read "TIME EXPIRED." But so, too, is my clock expiring. So is yours. No wonder Jesus says today, "Stay awake." An auto decal reads: "Jesus is coming back. Look busy." Today's Gospel affirms He will return for each of us. Were a scientist to warn us that an earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale was fast approaching, we would take every precaution imaginable. Yet, unhappily, the Master's prediction that He shall return does not move us to make even incidental changes in our lives. But, given the on-target correctness of the prophecies of His first arrival told in Micah 5:2-6 and Isaiah 9: 6-7, one would think we would be smart enough to act accordingly. Should we decide not to do so, we can hardly fault the Early Warning System God has today put in place in Luke's Gospel. "Beware that your hearts do not become drowsy…"
14) Watch And Prepare: In the Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon, England, there is an exhibition of the memorabilia of Lord Dowding.  He was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the RAF in 1936 to take on the challenge of expanding the RAF’s fighting force to meet the Nazi threat. Dowding had less than four years to prepare the RAF for the epic Battle of Britain, while at the same time helping France as much as possible.  Lord Dowding’s accomplishment in getting the RAF ready is summed up on a plaque: “It has been given to few men so to employ so short a time that by their efforts they saved a civilization.”  Lord Dowding’s vigilance and preparation while waiting for the Nazi attempt to invade Great Britain played a key role in England’s victory in the early 1940’s (Albert Cylwicki in ‘His Word Resounds’).  Vigilance and preparation while waiting are part of the theme of today’s Advent gospel.  
15)  Promise of Things to Come! It was about mid-November of 1979 in Dublin. One morning we woke to find that overnight a layer of fine dust had fallen.  It was very noticeable.  It covered cars, windows, clotheslines…..  In some areas it was heavier than others.  One man went out to look for his blue car, but so thick was the dust that he had difficulty finding it.  The dust caused quite a sensation. People reacted immediately.  What was it and where did it come from?  Many were worried, fearing that it was caused by a fall-out of dangerous chemicals or radio-active materials.  There was a deluge of phone calls to the police, to weather centers, and motoring organizations.  Finally the explanation came: it was sand from the Sahara Desert!  This came as a great relief.  It was still a nuisance but was readily accepted because the Southerly winds that had brought it, also heralded the warmest November in fifteen years.  In today’s gospel, after foretelling the end time events we get such an assurance of his “second coming” from Jesus (Flor McCarthy, in 'Sunday & Holy Day Liturgies').


  1. How can I structure “listening time” to hear God’s call during this busy season?
  2. How can Mary’s openness to God’s call serve as a model for me? To what insight or action might Jesus be leading me?
  3. Realizing that Jesus is present in the people and places we least expect, what can I do for someone less fortunate?
  4. What is the message in this reflection? In what way can we respond to it?


Determine a specific action (individual or group) that flows from your sharing. When choosing an individual action, determine what you will do and share it with the group. When choosing a group action, determine who will take responsibility for different aspects of the action. These should be your primary considerations. The following are secondary suggestions.
Some Suggestions:ith Sharing

  1. Commit to spending a certain part of each day this week to quiet reflection, asking the Son of Man to help you recognize his coming in another person this day and to know what action it calls you to take.
  2. Decide what part of the pre-Christmas frenzy you will cut out this year so that your life will have the peace that will allow this Advent time to really be about preparing for Jesus’ coming into your life throughout the coming year.
  3. Perhaps you already have a sense of how you can reach out in response to Jesus’ presence. Name what the situation is that needs your help and what you can do about it this week.
  4. Display in a prominent place a statue or picture of Mary to be a reminder of her reflective waiting.
  5. Suggest to each other someone for whom you could, as a group, offer some kind of assistance this week. Is there a family struck with illness to whom you could bring dinner each night? Are there children who could benefit from your spending time together? Can your families join together on the weekend to do a helpful project?


Give thanks to God (aloud or silently) for new insights, for desires awakened, for directions clarified, for the gift of one another’s openness and sensitivity. Conclude with the following prayer:

    Jesus, Son of Man,
you honored us with your presence in this world during your life.
You will honor us with your presence again at the end of this life.

    You have nurtured us in word and sacrament in the Church,
which is your body.
During this season when we prepare to celebrate your birth long ago,
teach us that we can also celebrate your coming every day.

    We believe you are truly present in the people around us,
and especially in those whom you honored during your earthly life:
the poor, the forgotten, the sick and imprisoned, those who are alone.
We can be with you when we are with them in spirit,
in prayer, in helping hands that lift up and comfort.

    We humbly ask you to walk with us during this Advent.
In the quiet of our hearts, allow us to discover you.
Whenever and wherever we encounter you,
may we honor you by whatever service we can give
in return for the great gift of your coming on that first Christmas.  
Again, sing together: “O Come, O Come Emmanuel.”



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